El Talmud de Babilonia, junto a la Torá, representa uno de los pilares de la tradición judía, y es una obra que recoge las discusiones rabínicas sobre leyes. ROSENTHAL D., “ Il contributo della «Genizah italiana» alla critica testuale della Mishnah, del Talmud babilonese e del Talmud palestinese ', in M. PERANI. The Talmud is the central text of Rabbinic Judaism and the primary source of Jewish religious Among Sephardi and Italian Jews from the 15th century on, some authorities sought to apply the methods of Aristotelian logic, as reformulated by  ‎Jerusalem Talmud · ‎Nedarim (Talmud) · ‎Jesus in the Talmud · ‎Middot (Talmud).


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See eras within Jewish law. Comparison of style and talmud babilonese italiano matter[ edit ] There are significant differences between the two Talmud compilations.

The language of the Jerusalem Talmud is a western Aramaic dialect, which differs from the form of Aramaic in the Babylonian Talmud.

The Talmud Yerushalmi is often fragmentary and difficult to read, even talmud babilonese italiano experienced Talmudists. The redaction of the Talmud Bavli, on the other hand, is more careful and precise. The law as laid down in the two compilations is basically similar, except in emphasis and in minor details.


The Jerusalem Talmud has not received much attention from commentators, and such traditional commentaries as exist are mostly concerned with comparing its teachings to those of the Talmud Bavli.

Neither the Jerusalem nor the Babylonian Talmud covers the entire Mishnah: The reason might be that most laws from the Order Zeraim agricultural laws limited to the land talmud babilonese italiano Israel had little practical relevance in Babylonia and were therefore not included.

The Jerusalem Talmud does not cover the Mishnaic order of Kodashimwhich talmud babilonese italiano with sacrificial rites and laws pertaining to the Templewhile the Babylonian Talmud does cover it. It is not clear why this is, as the laws were not directly applicable in either country following the Temple's 70 CE destruction.

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In both Talmuds, only one tractate of Tohorot ritual purity laws is examined, that of the menstrual laws, Niddah.

The Babylonian version also contains the opinions of more generations because of its later date of completion. For both these reasons it is regarded as a more comprehensive collection of the opinions available. On the talmud babilonese italiano hand, because of the centuries of redaction between the talmud babilonese italiano of the Jerusalem and the Babylonian Talmud, the opinions of early amoraim might be closer to their original form in the Jerusalem Talmud.

The influence of the Babylonian Talmud has been far greater than that of the Yerushalmi. In the main, this is because the influence and prestige of the Jewish community of Israel steadily declined in contrast with the Babylonian community in the years after the redaction of the Talmud and continuing until talmud babilonese italiano Gaonic era.

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Furthermore, the editing of the Babylonian Talmud was superior to that of the Jerusalem version, making it more accessible and readily usable. According to Maimonides whose life began almost a hundred years after the end of the Gaonic eraall Jewish communities during the Gaonic era formally accepted talmud babilonese italiano Babylonian Talmud as binding upon themselves, and modern Jewish practice follows the Babylonian Talmud's conclusions on all areas in which the two Talmuds conflict.

Language[ edit ] Within the Gemarathe quotations from the Mishnah and the Baraitas and verses of Tanakh quoted and embedded in the Gemara are in either Mishnaic or Biblical Hebrew. The rest of the Gemara, including the discussions of the Amoraim and the overall framework, is in a characteristic dialect of Jewish Babylonian Talmud babilonese italiano.

Overall, Hebrew constitutes somewhat less than half of the text of the Talmud. This difference in language is due to the long time period talmud babilonese italiano between the two compilations. During the period of the Tannaim rabbis cited in the Mishnaha late form of Hebrew known as Rabbinic or Mishnaic Hebrew was still in use as a spoken vernacular among Jews in Judaea alongside Greek and Aramaicwhereas during the period of the Amoraim rabbis cited in the Gemarawhich began around CE, the spoken vernacular was almost exclusively Aramaic.

Hebrew continued to be used for the writing of religious texts, poetry, and so forth. Almost all printings since Bomberg have followed the same pagination.


Bomberg's edition was considered relatively free of censorship. Inafter an acrimonious dispute with the Szapira family, a new edition of the Talmud was printed talmud babilonese italiano Menachem Romm of Vilna.

Known as the Vilna Edition Shasthis edition and later talmud babilonese italiano printed by his widow and sons, the Romm publishing house has been used in the talmud babilonese italiano of more recent editions of Talmud Bavli.

For a comprehensive description of how Traduco works refer to Giovannetti et al. The size and complexity of the text and the need to produce a printed version of the BT translation, required a team of users composed of translators, revisors, editors, curators and supervisors.